Scientific results (so far)

 The scientific results of the Kinnvika project are presented in the scientific conferences, in posters and as articles in different publications. To analyze the data collected and write the conclusions of the research done takes usually some years. A vast part of the data collected during the IPY-KINNVIKA expeditions was weather data from automatic weather stations.

The special issue of the Geografiska Annaler: Series A, Physical Geography (Volume 93, Issue 4, Pages 201–354) presents the key observations and it also gives the first results of the IPY-Kinnvika.

In the preface “The International Polar Year Project ‘Kinnvika’ – Arctic Warming and Impact Research at 80° N” the authors Veijo A. Pohjola, Paula Kankaanpää, John C. Moore and Tadeusz Pastusiak give a short summary of the findings reported in the papers.

The papers in this special issue can be generally be grouped into:
  • geological and environmental history;
  • contemporary ecological situation of arthropods and plants;
  • contemporary climatological state of western Nordaustlandet and
  • the ice dynamical situation of Vestfonna.

All the science presented here has been focused on the primary data, and specific to the location of western Nordaustlandet. However, all the participating groups are now active in the integration of their results into the wider contexts of their fields. We look forward with pleasure and anticipate taking part in this endeavour over the coming years.

Publications related to Kinnvika

Ahlmann, H.W., 1932. Den svensk-norska expeditionen till Nordostlandet och farvatten däromkring sommaren 1931 [The Swedish-Norwegian expedition to Nordostlandet and the surrounding waters in summer 1931]. Ymer, 1932, 1–31. [In Swedish].

Beaudon, E., Arppe, L., Jonsell, U., Martma, T., Möller, M., Pohjola, V.A., Scherer, D. and Moore, J.C., Spatial and temporal variability of net accumulation from shallow cores from Vestfonna ice cap (Nordaustlandet, Svalbard), 2011, Geografiska Annaler: Series A, Physical Geography, 93, 287–299, doi: 10.1111/j.1468-0459.2011.00439.

Beaudon, E. and Moore, J., 2009. Frost flower chemical signature in winter snow on Vestfonna ice cap (Nordaustlandet, Svalbard). The Cryosphere, 3(2), 147–154, doi: 10.5194/tc-3-147-2009.

Beaudon, E. Glaciochemical evidence of spatial and temporal environmental variability across Svalbard, (2012) Arctic Centre Reports 58, Lapland University Press: Rovaniemi 2012. ISBN 978-952-484-562-5

Braun, M., Pohjola,V.A., Pettersson, R., Möller, M., Finkelnburg, R., Falk, U., Scherer, D. and Schneider, C., 2011. Changes of glacier frontal positions of Vestfonna (Nordaustlandet, Svalbard). Geografiska Annaler: Series A, Physical Geography, 93, 301–310.

Cooper, E.J., 2011. Polar desert vegetation and plant recruitment in Murchisonfjord, Nordaustlandet, Svalbard. Geografiska Annaler: Series A, Physical Geography, 93, 243–252.

Coulson, S.J., Fjellberg, A., Snazell, R., Gwiazdowicz, D.J. and Ávila-Jiménez, M.L., 2011. On the Collembola, Araneae and Gamasida from the Kinnvika region of Nordaustlandet, Svalbard. Geografiska Annaler: Series A, Physical Geography, 93, 253–257.

Finkelnburg, R. (2013). Climate variability of Svalbard in the first decade of the 21st century and its impact on Vestfonna ice cap, Nordaustlandet: An analysis based on field observations, remote sensing and numerical modeling (Doctoral dissertation, Universitätsbibliothek).

Kaakinen, A., Salonen, V.-.P., Kubischta, F., Eskola, K.O. and Oinonen, M., 2009. Weichselian glacial stage in Murchisonfjorden, Nordaustlandet, Svalbard. Boreas, 38(4), 718–729. Käsmacher, O. and Schneider, C., 2011. An objective circulation pattern classification for the region of Svalbard. Geografiska Annaler: Series A, Physical Geography, 93, 259–271.

Kaakinen, A., Salonen, V.-P., Kubischta, F., Eskola, K. O. And Oinonen, M. (2009), Weichselian Glacial Stage In Murchisonfjorden, Nordaustlandet, Svalbard. Boreas, 38: 718–729. Doi: 10.1111/J.1502-3885.2009.00092.X

Kolondra, L., 2007. Murchinsonfjorden, a satellite orthofoto map of western Nordaustlandet 1:50.000, University of Silesia, Poland.

Krajewski, K. P., 2013. Organic matter-apatite-pyrite relationships in the Botneheia Formation (Middle Triassic) of eastern Svalbard: relevance to the formation of petroleum source rocks in the NW Barents Sea shelf. Marine and Petroleum Geology 45, 69-105.

Krajewski, K.P., 2011. Phosphatic microbialites in the Triassic phosphogenic facies of Svalbard. In Stromatolites: Interaction of Microbes with Sediments, Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 187–222. doi:10.1007/978-94-007-0397-1.

Kubischta, F., Knudsen, K.L., Kaakinen, A. and Salonen, V-.P., 2010. Late Quaternary foraminiferal record in Murchisonfjorden, Nordaustlandet, Svalbard. Polar Research, 29, 283– 297.

Kubischta, F., Knudsen, K.L., Ojala, A.E.K. and Salonen, V.-P., 2011. Holocene benthic foraminiferal record from a higharctic fjord, Nordaustlandet, Svalbard. Geografiska Annaler, Series A, Physical Geography, 93, 227–242.

Lehnert, O., Stouge, S. & Brandl, P.A. 2013: Conodont biostratigraphy in the Early to Miidle Ordovician strata of the Oslobreen Group in Ny Friesland, Svalbard. Z. dt. es.Geowiss/GermanJ. Geosci. DOI: 10.1127/1860-1804/2013/0003

Luoto, T.P., Nevalainen, L., Kubischta, F., Kultti, S., Knudsen, K.L. and Salonen, V.-P., 2011. Late Quaternary ecological turnover in High Arctic Lake Einstaken, Nordaustlandet, Svalbard (80° N). Geografiska Annaler: Series A, Physical Geography, doi: 10.1111/j.1468-0459.2011.00435.x.

Möller, M. (2012): A minimal, statistical model for the surface albedo of Vestfonna ice cap, Svalbard. Cryosphere, 6(5), 1049-1061.

Möller, M., R. Finkelnburg, M. Braun, R. Hock, U. Jonsell, V.A. Pohjola, D. Scherer & C. Schneider (2011): Climatic mass balance of the ice cap Vestfonna, Svalbard: A spatially distributed assessment using ERA-Interim and MODIS data. J. Geophys. Res., 116, F03009, doi:10.1029/2010JF001905.

Möller, M., R. Finkelnburg, M. Braun, D. Scherer & C. Schneider (2013): Variability of the climatic mass balance of Vestfonna ice cap (northeastern Svalbard), 1979–2011. Ann. Glaciol., 54(63), 254-264.

Möller, M., R. Möller, E. Beaudon, O.-P. Mattila, R. Finkelnburg, M. Braun, M. Grabiec, U. Jonsell, B. Luks, D. Puczko, D. Scherer & C. Schneider (2011): Snowpack characteristics of Vestfonna and DeGeerfonna (Nordaustlandet, Svalbard) – a spatiotemporal analysis based on multiyear snow-pit data. Geogr. Ann. A, 93(4), 273-285.

Moskalik M., Pastusiak T., Tęgowski J. 2012. Multibeam bathymetry and slopes stability of Isvika Bay, Murchisonfjorden, Nordaustlandet. Marine Geodesy 35(4):389-398 DOI:10.1080/01490419.2011.638040

Moskalik M., Bialik R.J. 2011. Statistical analysis of topography of Isvika Bay, Murchisonfjorden, Svalbard. Rowinski P. (ed) 30th International School of Hydraulics 14-17.09.2010, Wiejce Palace, Skwierzyna, Poland. GeoPlanet: Earth and Planetary Sciences, Experimental Methods in Hydraulic Research.
pp.225-233 DOI:10.1007/978-3-642-17475-9_15 (NoC=3)

Nevalainen, L., Van Damme, K., Luoto, T.P. and Salonen, V.-P. 2011 Fossil remains of an unknown Alona species (Chydoridae, Aloninae) from a High Arctic lake in Nordaustlandet, Svalbard, and its relation to glaciation and Holocene environmental history. Polar Biology, 34. Doi:10.1007/ s00300-011-1077-z.

Ojala, A.E.K., Kubischta, F., Kaakinen, A. and Salonen, V.-P., 2010. Characterization of diamictons on the basis of their mineral magnetic properties in Murchisonfjorden, Nordaustlandet, Svalbard. Sedimentary Geology, 233, 150–158.

Palosuo, E., 1987. A study of snow and ice temperatures on Vestfonna, Svalbard, 1956, 1957 and 1958. Geografiska Annaler: Series A, Physical Geography, 69, 431–437. Pastusiak T., 2011. Ship’s navigational safety in the Arctic unsurveyed regions. In Miscellaneous Problems in Maritime Navigation, Transport and Shipping, CRC Press, London. 59–64.

Pettersson, R., Christoffersen, P., Dowdeswell, J.A., Pohjola, V., Hubbard, A. and Strozzi, T., 2011. Ice thickness and basal conditions of Vestfonna ice cap, eastern Svalbard. Geografiska Annaler: Series A, Physical Geography, 93, 311–322.

Pohjola, V.A., Christoffersen, P., Kolondra, L., Moore, J.C., Pettersson, R., Schäfer, M., Strozzi, T. and Reijmer, C.H., 2011. Spatial distribution and change in the surface ice-velocity field of Vestfonna ice cap, Nordaustlandet, Svalbard, 1995– 2010 using geodetic and satellite interferometry data. Geografiska Annaler:, Series A, Physical Geography, 93, 323–335.

Pohjola, V.A., P. Kankaanpää and J.C. Moore, and P. Tadeusz 2011, Editorial - The International Polar Year project “KINNVIKA” - Arctic warming and impact research at 80ºN, Geografiska Annaler: Series A, Physical Geography DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-0459.2011.00436.x

Sauter, T., M. Möller, R. Finkelnburg, M. Grabiec, D. Scherer & C. Schneider (2013): Snowdrift modelling for Vestfonna ice cap, north-eastern Svalbard. Cryosphere, accepted.

Schäfer, M., T. Zwinger, P. Christoffersen, F. Gillet-Chaulet, K. Laakso, R. Pettersson, V.A. Pohjola, T. Strozzi, and J.C. Moore 2012, Sensitivity of basal conditions in an inverse model: Vestfonna Ice-Cap, Nordaustlandet, Svalbard, The Cryosphere 6, 771-783

Schytt, V., 1964. Scientific results of the Swedish glaciological expedition to Nordaustlandet, Spitsbergen, 1957 and 1958. Geografiska Annaler, 46(3), 442–481.

Stouge, S., Christiansen, J.L. & Holmer, L.E. (2011): Lower Palaeozoic stratigraphy of Murchisonfjorden and Sparreneset, Nordaustlandet, Svalbard. – Geogr. Ann., Ser. A, Phys. Geogr., 93: 209–226, Oxford (Blackwell).

See also the IPY Publication database.


Other information 


Loading data, photo Veijo Pohjola


Coffee break on the glacier, photo Veijo Pohjola.


Snow pit, photo Gerit Rotschky.